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DISABILITIES AND SYNDROMS

Is a disability affecting all the learning skills
1. It generally includes a limitation of at least two of the following areas: Communication, self-care, self-help, social skills, learning skills and or self-control among others
2. To be considered on this category the IQ score (Intelligence Quotient) needs to be evaluated at 70 or less
3. There are four types of mental deficiencies: Mild (IQ 70 or less), Moderate (IQ 50 to 55), Severe (IQ 35 to 40) and Profound (IQ 20 to 25)
4. It is more common among male population

It is a discrepancy in the acquisition of skills of several development areas. Some of these are: Autism, Non-integration Disorder, Asperger and Non-Specified Development Disorder. It is made evident during the 3 first years of life.
1.To effectively diagnose Pervasive Developmental Disorder the child must have 6 or more of the following characteristics:
Nonverbal unusual behaviors
Low or no visual contact
Poor ability to understand facial expressions
Repetitive use of gestures or body movements
Poor ability to socialize
Alteration in the ability to start or maintain a conversation
Use of repetitive language
Obsessive behavior
Inflexibility
Stereotyped/repetitive mannerisms

Characterized by short attention spans, hyperactivity and self-control difficulties.
1. Some symptoms of hyperactivity or of attention deficit disorders may appear before the age of 7
2. The attention deficit disorder may manifest itself in academic, work and/or social situations. Children with this disorder may not pay attention to detail or make mistakes at school or in other environments
3. They tend to change tasks frequently and generally they are incapable of finishing them. It is a challenge to follow, listen and execute orders consistently
4. The hyperactivity disorder may be manifested as, excessive need of body movement and difficulty to be still while performing an activity
5. The impulsivity may be manifested with impatience, inability to wait, rush on answering, difficulties waiting turns in school and/or social games, thus generating difficult social situations
6. The subtypes for this disorder are:
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity with Attention disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity with hyperactivity-impulsivity.

Includes Infantile Cerebral Palsy and motor difficulties in upper or lower limbs, torso, head and neck
1. i. Cerebral Palsy is a set of disorders that compromises the functions of the brain and the nervous system, such as movement, learning capacity, hearing, vision and cognitive abilities.
Types of Cerebral Palsy: Spastic
Dyskinetic
Ataxic
Hypotonic
Mixed

Children with this disability present difficulties in the sensory processing area, as well as visual, hearing, language and communication deficits. They overreact, cannot deal with changes in their daily routine, have behavioral and learning issues, can be restless, easily scared, have sleeping problems, cannot be independent on self-help skills, have hygiene problems and social skills difficulties.

1.There are many visual disturbances, such as:
Halos.
Blurred eyesight (loss of visual acuity and incapacity to perceive details)
Blind spots (“dark spots” in the visual field in which nothing can be seen)
Loss of sight or blindness

The two types are:
1. When there is an injury in the inner ear or at the auditory nerve – this hearing impairment tends to be permanent
2. When the sound waves cannot reach the inner ear, either by wax accumulation or perforation of the eardrum.

Is a disability affecting all the learning skills
1. It generally includes a limitation of at least two of the following areas: Communication, self-care, self-help, social skills, learning skills and or self-control among others
2. To be considered on this category the IQ score (Intelligence Quotient) needs to be evaluated at 70 or less
3. There are four types of mental deficiencies: Mild (IQ 70 or less), Moderate (IQ 50 to 55), Severe (IQ 35 to 40) and Profound (IQ 20 to 25)
4. It is more common among male population

It is a discrepancy in the acquisition of skills of several development areas. Some of these are: Autism, Non-integration Disorder, Asperger and Non-Specified Development Disorder. It is made evident during the 3 first years of life.
1.To effectively diagnose Pervasive Developmental Disorder the child must have 6 or more of the following characteristics:
Nonverbal unusual behaviors
Low or no visual contact
Poor ability to understand facial expressions
Repetitive use of gestures or body movements
Poor ability to socialize
Alteration in the ability to start or maintain a conversation
Use of repetitive language
Obsessive behavior
Inflexibility
Stereotyped/repetitive mannerisms

Characterized by short attention spans, hyperactivity and self-control difficulties.
1. Some symptoms of hyperactivity or of attention deficit disorders may appear before the age of 7
2. The attention deficit disorder may manifest itself in academic, work and/or social situations. Children with this disorder may not pay attention to detail or make mistakes at school or in other environments
3. They tend to change tasks frequently and generally they are incapable of finishing them. It is a challenge to follow, listen and execute orders consistently
4. The hyperactivity disorder may be manifested as, excessive need of body movement and difficulty to be still while performing an activity
5. The impulsivity may be manifested with impatience, inability to wait, rush on answering, difficulties waiting turns in school and/or social games, thus generating difficult social situations
6. The subtypes for this disorder are:
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity with Attention disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity with hyperactivity-impulsivity.

Includes Infantile Cerebral Palsy and motor difficulties in upper or lower limbs, torso, head and neck
1. i. Cerebral Palsy is a set of disorders that compromises the functions of the brain and the nervous system, such as movement, learning capacity, hearing, vision and cognitive abilities.
Types of Cerebral Palsy: Spastic
Dyskinetic
Ataxic
Hypotonic
Mixed

Children with this disability present difficulties in the sensory processing area, as well as visual, hearing, language and communication deficits. They overreact, cannot deal with changes in their daily routine, have behavioral and learning issues, can be restless, easily scared, have sleeping problems, cannot be independent on self-help skills, have hygiene problems and social skills difficulties.

1.There are many visual disturbances, such as:
Halos.
Blurred eyesight (loss of visual acuity and incapacity to perceive details)
Blind spots (“dark spots” in the visual field in which nothing can be seen)
Loss of sight or blindness

The two types are:
1. When there is an injury in the inner ear or at the auditory nerve – this hearing impairment tends to be permanent
2. When the sound waves cannot reach the inner ear, either by wax accumulation or perforation of the eardrum.

• It is typically associated with physical growth delays, facial features and mild to moderate intellectual disability
• Syndrome that causes severe disability in all areas of development
• This syndrome is characterized by development delay, communication deficit and motor disability